Longford is the county town of County Longford in Ireland. It has a population of 9,601 according to the 2011 census. It is the biggest town in the county and about one third of the county’s population lives there. Longford lies at the meeting of the N4 and the N5 primary routes, which means that traffic travelling between Dublin andCounty Mayo or North County Roscommon passes through the town. The station in Longford on the Dublin-Sligo line is important for commuters.
The town is built on the banks of the River Camlin (from Irish: Camlinn, meaning “crooked pool”), which is a tributary of the River Shannon. The name Longford is an anglicisation of the Irish Longphort, from long (meaning “ship”) and port (meaning “port” or “dock”). This name was applied to many Irish settlements of Viking origin and eventually came to mean fort or camp in the Irish language, and so Longfort the modern Irish spelling, is the name of this town, which was one of the only Gaelic Irish market towns to arise without first being founded by Vikings or Normans.